The Birmingham Civil Rights Institute to Present the 2017 Fred L. Shuttlesworth Human Rights Award to activist Harry Belafonte, Former Birmingham Mayor Dr. Richard Arrington, Jr. and to activist Viola Liuzzo

In honor of its 25th Anniversary, the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute (BCRI) has announced three recipients of the 2017 Fred L. Shuttlesworth Human Rights Award, the institute’s highest award that honors outstanding individuals for their significant contributions to civil and human rights. This year’s honorees include the artist and activist Harry Belafonte, Birmingham’s first African American Mayor Dr. Richard Arrington, Jr. and activist Viola Liuzzo (posthumously). The awards will be presented at BCRI’s gala on Saturday, November 18, 2017. For sponsorship information, call Jennifer Hall at 323-9696 x 222.

“We are both proud and humbled to have the opportunity to honor these icons that helped shape our country and opened so many doors that were previously closed,” stated Andrea L. Taylor, BCRI President and CEO.
Harry Belafonte, Jamaican-American musician, actor and human rights activist, joined the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s. He became one of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s closest confidants. Over the years he organized demonstrations, raised money and contributed his personal funds to keep movement activities going. Belafonte has advocated for a range of other humanitarian causes. In 1985, he helped to orchestrate the recording of the Grammy Award winning song “We Are the World,” a multi-artist effort to raise funds for Africa. In 1987, he received an appointment to UNICEF as a goodwill ambassador. Belafonte has been involved in prostate cancer advocacy since 2006, when he was diagnosed and successfully treated for the disease Belafonte achieved fame when his 1956 breakthrough album Calypso became the first full-length album to sell over 1 million copies. He is perhaps best known for singing the “Banana Boat Song,” with its signature lyric “Day-O.” He became the first African American to win an Emmy for his 1959 TV special Tonight with Belafonte. In 2000, Belafonte won a Grammy Award for his lifetime achievement in music.

Richard Arrington, Jr. was the first African American mayor of the city of Birmingham, Alabama, serving 20 years, from 1979 to 1999. Under his tenure as Mayor, Birmingham went from a racially divided city dependent on the steel industry to an economically and culturally diverse hub of the southeastern United States. Throughout the ’70’s and early ’80’s, Arrington led the drive for the establishment of the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute. A Civil Rights Institute Task Force and Board of Directors were appointed, a site was acquired, and, after much debate, funds to build the Civil Rights Institute were attained. Mayor Arrington also authorized plans for a Civil

Rights Cultural District, including a renovated Kelly Ingram Park, a Jazz Hall of Fame in the historic Carver Theatre, and landscaping of public space around the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. On November 15, 1992, the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute was officially dedicated.
Viola Liuzzo was killed by Ku Klux Klan members following a voting rights march in Alabama in 1965. Liuzzo was the only white female protester to die in the civil rights movement. Liuzzo traveled to Alabama from Detroit in March 1965 to help the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) with its efforts to register African-American voters in Selma. Her decision to go to Alabama was driven in part by the events of March 7, 1965, in Selma—also known as “Bloody Sunday.” Liuzzo had watched the brutal assault on the protesters in a news broadcast, and felt compelled to find a way to join the fight for civil rights. On March 21, 1965, more than 3,000 marchers led by Martin Luther King Jr. began their trek from Selma to Montgomery to campaign for voting rights for African Americans in the South. In addition to participating in the march, Liuzzo helped by driving supporters between Selma and Montgomery. The group reached Montgomery on March 25, 1965, and that night, Liuzzo was driving another civil rights worker with the SCLC back to Selma, when another car pulled alongside her vehicle. One of the passengers in the neighboring car shot at Liuzzo, striking her in the face and killing her. Years after her vicious murder, Liuzzo has received some recognition for her personal sacrifice.

Annual Fred L. Shuttlesworth Human Rights Award
Established by the BCRI Board of Directors in 2002, the Annual Fred L. Shuttlesworth Human Rights
Award serves as a tribute to the leadership and courage of the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth throughout
the course of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement. This annual award is an opportunity for the Institute
to recognize individuals for their service to civil and human rights causes around the world. It is the
highest honor bestowed on an individual by the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute.